RAD Studio VCL Reference
TDataSet.Close Method

Closes a dataset.

procedure Close;
__fastcall Close();

Call Close to set the Active property of a dataset to false. When Active is false, the dataset is closed; it cannot read or write data and data-aware controls can't use it to fetch data or post edits. 

An application must close the dataset before changing properties that affect the status of the database or the controls that display data in an application. For example, to change the DataSource property for a dataset, the dataset must be closed. Closing the dataset puts it into the dsInactive state.  

Delphi Examples: 


This example requires two ClientDataSets, two DBGrids, two
DataSources and two DBNavigators.  Name the two
ClientDataSets CDS and CDS2. Set the DataSet property in the
first DataSource to CDS and name that DataSource DS.  Set the
DataSet property in the second DataSource to CDS2 and name
that DataSource DS2.  Set the DataSource in the first
DBNavigator to DS and the DataSource in the second DBNavigator
to DS2.  Set the DataSource in the first DBGrid to DS and the
DataSource in the second DBGrid to DS2.  Right click on CDS
and select the Fields Editor, then right click on the Field
Editor form and create two fields by selecting "new field".
In the field configuration window, set the name to HOST, the
Component value will automatically be set to CDSHOST.  Set
the filed type to String.  In the field configuration window
for the second field, set the name to PORTA, the Component
value will automatically be set to CDSPORTA.  Set the field
type to Integer.  The file used to load CDS must have an
attribute name of HOST with an attribute type of string and
an attribute name of PORTA with an attribute type of integer.
Add DB, DBCtrls, Grids, DBGrids, DBClient and SwSystem to the
uses clause.  "LoadFormFile" to start with the file, or 
"CreateDataSet" to start from scratch.  You must "CloseDataSet"
after a "LoadFromFile" before you can do another "CreateDataSet".
uses SwSystem;

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
  CDS.LoadFromFile(GetCurrentDir + '\CDS.XML');
  CDS.LoadFromFile(gsAppPath + 'CDS.XML');

procedure TForm1.Button2Click(Sender: TObject);
  CDS.SaveToFile(GetCurrentDir + '\CDS.XML', dfXML);
  CDS.SaveToFile(gsAppPath + 'CDS.XML', dfXML);

procedure TForm1.Button3Click(Sender: TObject);

procedure TForm1.Button4Click(Sender: TObject);
  CDS2.Data := CDS.Data;

procedure TForm1.Button5Click(Sender: TObject);


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